Do you have a spacious land in the province that you have no idea on what to do? Well, you can use it to make a living by starting a piggery business. Hog raising or piggery business have been a known source of income of most Filipinos in the provinces and far flung regions. The return of investment in this kind of business is pretty catchy but it is also challenging. The rising cost of feeds, hog diseases and maintenance of the piggery are the top concerns of hog raisers but these are tolerable and can be dealt without ease if you have done your research and keep yourself up to date of the latest technology and innovations with regards to this line of business.
Do your research, set the budget and choose the target location
Before you get started, do your intensive research on the necessary details on how to start a piggery business. Check out and determine the needed budget that you would be needing. The location of your piggery is also one of the most important factor to consider. The piggery should be outside the urban area, commercial establishments and the neighborhood to prevent problems and complaints. The required distance is at least 25 meter radius away from the source of surface drinking water.
- There should be a dry lot area of 1.86 – 2.79 sq m. per sow;
- 74 – 1.12 sq m. per head of pig under 100 lbs;
- 12 – 1.86 sq m. per head of fattening hogs,
- 100-200 lbs; and 2.32-3.25 sq m. per boar.
Determine your preferred piggery set up
Once you have dealt with your intensive research and have chosen your target location, the next big step is to determine your preferred piggery set up. There are two options, you can choose to raise hogs until they reach a certain weight (usually 90 kg) or you can choose to breed hogs. You can start off by buying your piglets. 12 kg to 20 kg hog can be bought from Php 1600 to Php 2000. For some areas like in Batangas, they do sell their hogs by the kilo. Apparently, Php 235/ 135 that is Php 235 for the first 10kg and the excess kg would be rated Php 135 per kilo. If you prefer to breed pigs, getting a sow or “inahin” would take time before you can harvest your rewards. It takes about 114 days for the gestation of the pig or an additional 4 months. Either way, you need to get the best piglets and sow from the top suppliers before you get started.
Consider the hog houses
Proper construction of the hog houses is very important to ensure the optimum growth of the pigs. If you are planning to have a small piggery like a back yard set up, you can use nipa and bamboo as materials. Hog houses are usually constructed on a slightly sloping area. The drainage should be good to prevent mud formation. Concrete floors are good for easy cleaning. The concrete floors should not be too rough nor too smooth.
Facilities and Equipment
Proper equipment are needed such a drinking troughs and feeders. Drinking troughs and feeders are usually made of concrete, some use truck tires cut in half and other materials can also be used.
Feeding the hogs
You can start your hogs with a pre starter ration at the age of one week. The ration of the pigs are changed gradually. Allow a transition period of one week before making changes. This will ensure a smooth transition and will not upset the feeding behavior of the pigs.
Sanitation of the piggery
Swine flu and other deadly diseases can take a toll on your piggery business. In order to prevent these liabilities, you have to keep your piggery clean and odor free at all times. Sanitize and disinfect the piggery regularly. Ensure that you have immunized your pigs against prevalent diseases such as swine flu and hog cholera. You can seek advice from your local veterinarian or the Bureau of Animal Industry whenever there is a need for it to ensure the optimum health of your hogs and your piggery business.